A globalized market, free from geographical and time constraints, together with organizational and business factors, as well as the opportunities offered by digital transformation, are radically changing the traditional paradigms of the workplace and offer great opportunities in terms of flexibility, efficiency and cost reduction.
The work relationship is increasingly less dependent on place and time, which is especially true for office jobs. New contractual patterns are emerging worldwide: they are more flexible and result-oriented rather than rule-based (see the leading examples of Netflix and Uber).
Italy is part of this change and has less rigid legal instruments than in the past (i.e. Jobs Act).
Furthermore, physical locations are extremely expensive, especially in large cities, therefore the relationship between work and office has been redesigned, thus offering solutions both inside the company (from the obsolete notion of open space to the latest trend of smart building) and outside the company (coworking, business center, BarCamp).